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Insomnia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep or experience in non-restorative sleep.

It can have a significant impact on a person’s wellbeing, leading to day time fatigue, irritability and impact cognitive function.

Firstly, It is important to understand what insomnia is and the common symptoms associated with it.

Moreover, Insomnia can be caused by various factors, including stress, anxiety, depression and certain medications.

In this article, we will learn into various aspects including its causes, symptoms and available treatment options.


Types ; –

(1) Acute insomnia; – It is short term, that lasts for a few nights or a few weeks, usually triggered by stressful life events or changes.

(2) Chronic insomnia; – It is long term, that occurs at least 3 nights or a week for 3 months or longer. It may have various underlying causes and often requires medical interventions or treatment.

Causes; – 

(1) Psychological factors; – Stress, anxiety, depression or mental health disorders. 

(2) Medical conditions; – Chronic pain, respiratory problems, gastrointestinal issues, hormonal imbalances such as thyroid issues and neurological conditions.

(3) Lifestyle factors; – Poor sleep habits, irregular sleep schedule, excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol and exposure to electronic devices before bedtime.

(4) Environmental factors; – Noisy or uncomfortable sleeping environment, changing surroundings or sleep routine.

Treatment and Managements; – 

(1) Sleep hygiene; – Establishing a consistent sleep routine, maintaining a comfortable sleep environment and avoiding stimulating activities before bedtime.

(2) Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT); – Therapy that helps identify and change negative thoughts and behaviors associated with sleep.

(3) Medication; – In some cases, doctors may prescribe short term use of medication to help regulate sleep patterns.

(4) Addressing underlying issues; – Treating any underlying medical or mental health conditions that contribute to insomnia.

(5) Stress management techniques; – Learning and practicing relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation and yoga to manage stress and promote better sleep.

Lastly, It is necessary to consult a healthcare professional, if you are experiencing chronic Insomnia or if your sleep disturbance is significantly impacting your daily life.

Consequently, They can evaluate your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment options to help you improve your quality.

Dr.Hetal Patel


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