Follow Us

Mood swings; risk factors and management

mood swings

All about Mood swings:

Mood swings are abrupt and intense changes in mood that can range from extreme highs to extreme lows. In this comprehensive article, I will explore the causes, risk factors and management strategies for mood swings. Mood irritability, hot flashes, joints pain, sleep disturbances all of these main symptoms of perimenopausal syndrome (PMS) or in menopause. Mental health conditions can affect how you feel things can behave.

Causes of mood swings:

mood swings

Biological factors: Neurochemical imbalances in the brain can lead to mood irritability. For example, changes in neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine can influence mood regulation.

Hormonal fluctuations: During menstrual cycles, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause can trigger mood swings.  For example, Postpartum depression and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

Mental health disorders: Conditions such as bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder are characterized by mood swings. Bipolar disorder, in particular, inverse episodes of mania and depression.

Stress and anxiety; High levels of stress and chronic anxiety can cause emotional instability and Changes in mood. In addition, the body’s “fight or flight” response can lead to rapid changes in emotions.

Consumption of alcohol and drugs; Alcohol, drugs and certain medications can disrupt brain chemistry and contribute to mood swings.

Sleep disturbances: Lack of sleep or disturbed sleep patterns can affect mood regulation and lead to mood swings. To more on hot flashes, mood irritability and about sleep disturbances, read this article,

Risk factors.

Genetics: Family history of mood disorders can increase the risk of experiencing mood swings.

Gender: Some mood disorders and hormonal fluctuations are more common in certain genders. For instance, women are more susceptible to condition like PMDD and postpartum depression.

Age: For example, Adolescents and adults are more prone to mood swings due to hormonal changes and the challenges of transitioning into adulthood.

Trauma: Post traumatic experiences can contribute to mood instability and mood disorders.

Chronic illness: Conditions like diabetes, thyroid disorders and chronic pain can impact mood regulation.

Personality traits: Certain personality traits such as high neuroticism or emotional sensitivity can make person more susceptible to changes in mood.

Management of Mood swings:

  • Professional help.

Therapy: Psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) can help people learn coping skills and regulate emotions.

Medication: Mood stabilizers, antidepressants and anti-anxiety medications may be prescribed based on the underlying condition. However, medication alone is usually not sufficient for long term management.

  • Lifestyle changes.

Healthy diet: A diet rich in Omega 3 fatty acids and antioxidants can support brain health and stabilize mood. For example, flax seeds, walnuts, chia seeds and ham seeds.

Regular exercise: Physical activity releases endorphins, which are natural mood enhancers. For example, brisk walking, cycling, jogging and yoga.

Adequate sleep; Establishing a regular sleep schedule and practicing good sleep hygiene can improve mood stability.

Stress management: Techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, and deep breathing can reduce stress.

  • Social support.

Talk to loved ones; Sharing feelings and experiences with friends and family can provide emotional support.

Support groups: Connecting with others who are experiencing similar challenges can be reassuring and educational.

  • Coping strategies.

Emotion regulation: Learning to identify, understand and manage emotions can prevent mood swings.

Mindfulness and relaxation; Practicing mindfulness and relaxation techniques can help people to stay grounded during emotional fluctuations.

Journaling: Keeping a journal can provide insights into triggers and patterns of changes in mood.

  • Avoiding triggers.

Limiting alcohol and drugs; Reducing or eliminating alcohol and drug consumption can stabilize mood.

Managing stress; Identifying and addressing sources of stress can prevent mood swings.

  • Medical management.

Hormone therapy: In cases where hormonal fluctuations contribute to mood swings, hormone therapy may be considered.

Medication management: If mood swings are a symptom of an underlying mental health conditions, medication may be prescribed in conjunction with therapy.


In conclusion, mood swings can be disruptive and challenging to manage. By understanding the underlying causes, recognizing risk factors, and implementing effective management strategies are essential steps in achieving emotional stability and improving overall quality of life. Lastly, Seeking Guidance of psychologist and building a strong support system can make a significant difference in managing mood swing successfully. To know more about mental health, read my latest book, the magical ways for sparkling lifestyle.

Dr.Hetal Patel


Leave a Comment